Friday, December 25, 2009

Kehadiran Pelajar

Assalamualaikum wbt

apa khabar study?

okeeh nak terangkan tentang kehadiran ke kuliah dan praktikal.



  • bagi sesiapa yang tidak datang 3 hari berturut2 akan dapat surat dari gamaah.
Ketua batch bagi konvensional iaitu Muhammad Hanif bin Nawawi akan meminta Dr nesreen utk buat surat itu.

  • kehadiran setiap pelajar mestilah mencapai paling kurang 14 hari dalam sebulan.
  • kehadiran pelajar yg kurang dari 70% ditekan kan untuk tidak boleh ambil peperiksaan, dan ini akan dilaporkan pada Dr nesreen.
NB arahan dari ketu

PATHOLOGY

EFFECTS POTT's DISEASE

  1. Amyloidosis
  2. B - Paraplegia
  3. Cold Abscess
  4. Deformity
NB doctor cakap ini penting.

CLICK! =)

http://www.mediafire.com/?jz0zyzam5wu utk sesiapa yg powerpoint slide lab patho hari rabu lepas.

tahuntiga Mumtaz: best! jom usha hehe http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/dept/parasitic/index.html

tahuntiga Mumtaz: salam.korg korang bukak website ni jgk. best best http://www.scribd.com/doc/3936908/-Parasitology-slide
A picture-based website about parasitology.

Meaning, if you don't know what to click next..
Just click on any picture on the site.

GO TO THE WEBSITE


ENJOY~

Emphysema (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)


Emphysema is a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, more commonly known as COPD, and is typically associated with long term exposure to toxic chemicals, including tobacco smoke. Emphysema is most commonly characterized by a diminished elasticity in the lung's tissue. This diminished elasticity causes the airways to collapse during exhalation and air becomes trapped in the lungs. Common symptoms are shortness of breath during even minor physical exertion, hyperventilating, and an expanded chest.

Emphysema is irreversible and degenerative, but is treatable. As most emphysema is found in smokers, the most important factor in slowing its progression is smoking cessation and the avoidance of all respiratory irritants, including secondhand smoke. Rehabilitation of the patient's pulmonary system can dramatically improve quality of life and lung function. Supplemental oxygen is frequently used to treat emphysema on a controlled flow. These portable oxygen systems have been shown to improve patient mobility and extend life. Other medications include bronchodilators or inhalers to expand airway flow in emphysema patients.

The only known cure for emphysema is a lung transplant, though few patients are healthy enough to undergo such extensive surgery. Life expectancy among patients of emphysema is often only 2-3 years and may be complicated by diagnosis of lung cancer or other irreversible respiratory conditions. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are typically not immediately distinguishable but are usually classified in tandem as varying degrees of COPD.


http://www.healthcareblog.info/2009/11/emphysema-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary.html

Games =)

Histology Games

Fling the teacher
http://www.histology-world.com/fling/fling1.htm

Histology art
http://www.histology-world.com/art/art.htm

Grade or No Grade
http://www.histology-world.com/gradeornograde/grade1.htm

Walk the plane
http://www.histology-world.com/walktheplank/plank1.htm

pharmacology mnemonics.

Beta blockers : Main contraindication

ABCDE:

Asthma
Block (heart block)
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Diabetes mellitus
Electrolyte (hyperkalemia)

Treatment of hypertension

ABCD:

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) / Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) / Alpha-2 agonists / Alpha-1 Blockers
Beta blockers
Calcium antagonists
Diuretics / Direct Vasodilators

Side effect of ACEIs


Side effects of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme>>

CAPTOPRIL

Cough
Angioedema
Proteinuria
Taste Changes
HypOtension
Pregnancy problems (teratogenic)
Rash
Increase renin
Lower angiotensin II

jom selalu selalu lawat http://perubatan.org/akademik/index.php